P-wave tomography for 3-D radial and azimuthal anisotropy of tohoku and kyushu subduction zones

Jian Wang, Dapeng Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We determined high-resolution P-wave tomography for 3-D radial and azimuthal anisotropy of the Tohoku and Kyushu subduction zones using a large number of high-quality arrival-time data of local earthquakes recorded by the dense seismic network on the Japan Islands. Trenchnormal P-wave fast-velocity directions (FVDs) are revealed in the backarc mantle wedge in both Tohoku and Kyushu, which are consistent with the model of slab-driven corner flow. Trench-parallel FVDs with amplitude <4 per cent appear in the forearc mantle wedge under Tohoku and Kyushu, suggesting the existence of B-type olivine fabric there. Trench-parallel FVDs are also visible in the mantle wedge under the volcanic front in Tohok but not in Kyushu, suggesting that 3-D flow may exist in the mantle wedge under Tohoku and the 3-D flow is affected by the subduction rate of the oceanic plate. Negative radial anisotropy (i.e. vertical velocity being faster than horizontal velocity) is revealed in the low-velocity zones in the mantle wedge under the arc volcanoes in Tohoku and Kyushu as well as in the low-velocity zones below the Philippine Sea slab under Kyushu, which may reflect hot upwelling flows and transitions of olivine fabrics with the presence of waterin the upper mantle. Trench-parallel FVDs and positive radial anisotropy (i.e. horizontalvelocity being faster than vertical velocity) are revealed in the subducting Pacific slabunder Tohoku and the Philippine Sea slab under Kyushu, suggesting that the slabs keep their frozen-in anisotropy formed at the mid-ocean ridge or that the slab anisotropy is induced by the lattice-preferred orientation of the B-type olivine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1166-1181
Number of pages16
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Volume193
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 1

Keywords

  • Seismic anisotropy
  • Seismic tomography
  • Subduction zone processes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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