Overexpression of the serpin megsin induces progressive mesangial cell proliferation and expansion

Toshio Miyata, Reiko Inagi, Masaomi Nangaku, Toshiyuki Imasawa, Masahiro Sato, Yuko Izuhara, Daisuke Suzuki, Atsusi Yoshino, Hiroshi Onogi, Minoru Kimura, Satoshi Sugiyama, Kiyoshi Kurokawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mesangial cells maintain normal glomerular function by mediating ECM remodeling and immune complex disposal. We have recently identified megsin, a novel member of the serine protease inhibitor (serpin) superfamily predominantly expressed in the mesangium. While our previous studies suggested a role for megsin in the pathogenesis of human glomerular diseases, its exact biological significance remained unknown. Here we produced two lines of megsin transgenic mice. Overexpression of megsin led to progressive mesangial matrix expansion and an increase in the number of mesangial cells. These glomerular lesions were accompanied by an augmented immune complex deposition, together with Ig's and complement. Binding and functional assays in vitro identified plasmin as one biological substrate of megsin and confirmed its activity as a proteinase inhibitor. Transgenic animals exhibiting nephritis as a result of treatment with anti-glomerular basement membrane antiserum showed significantly more persistent expansion of the mesangial ECM than was seen in parental mice. Megsin therefore exerts a biologically relevant influence on mesangial function, and on the mesangial microenvironment, such that simple overexpression of this endogenous serpin engenders elementary mesangial lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-593
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume109
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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