Overexpression of L-glutamine: D-fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase provides resistance to methylmercury in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Nobuhiko Miura, Satoshi Kaneko, Shinji Hosoya, Takemitsu Furuchi, Kyoko Miura, Shusuke Kuge, Akira Naganuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To identify novel genes that confer resistance to methylmercury (MeHg), a yeast genomic DNA library was transfected into Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Two functional plasmids were isolated from transfected yeast clones D1 and H5 that exhibited resistance to MeHg. The yeast transfected with plasmid isolated from clone H5 was several-fold more resistant than yeast transfected with plasmid from clone D1. Functional characterization of the genomic DNA fragment obtained from clone H5 determined that the GFA1 gene conferred resistance to MeHg. GFA1 was reported to encode L-glutamine:D-fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase (GFAT) which catalyzes the synthesis of glucosamine-6-phosphate from glutamine and fructose-6-phosphate. Accumulation of mercury in yeast clone W303B/pGFA1, which contains the transfected GFA1 gene, did not differ from that in control yeast clone W303B/pYES2. The W303B/pGFA1 strain did not show resistance to mercuric chloride, zinc chloride, cadmium chloride or copper chloride, suggesting that the resistance acquired by GFA1 gene transfection might be specific to MeHg. This is the first report of a gene involved in MeHg resistance in eukaryotic cells identified by screening a DNA library. Copyright (C) 1999 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-218
Number of pages4
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume458
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Sep 17

Keywords

  • Cytotoxicity
  • L-Glutamine:D-fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase
  • Methylmercury
  • Resistance gene
  • Screening
  • Yeast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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