A case of a 69-year-old woman with endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the ovary with functioning stromal cells is presented. The patient complained of genital bleeding. Endometrial curettage revealed endometrial hyperplasia. Pre-operative levels of serum estradiol and progesterone were elevated, and serum gonadotropin levels were suppressed. The surgical specimen contained fist-sized, bilateral, solid, ovarian tumors and a mildly enlarged uterus. Histologically, the proliferating, atypical, columnar cancer cells resembled early secretory, endometrial epithelial cells with subnuclear vacuolation, and there were clusters of fat-laden foamy cells in the stroma. Immunohistochemically, the cancer cella were positive for cytokeratin and progesterone receptor but negative for estrogen receptor. The stromal foamy cells were immunoreactive for vimentin, progesterone receptor, P450 side chain-cleavage, 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, and adrenal 4-binding protein. Immunoreactivities of P450c-17α hydroxylase and aromatase were only locally observed. These findings indicated that the stromal cells were steroidogenic and mainly produced progesterone. The cancer cells that expressed progesterone receptors showed morphologic changes in response to hormonal stimulation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- Endometrioid carcinoma
- Ovarian tumor
- Stromal cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine