Immunohistochemistry for osteocalcin (OC) and osteopontin (OPN) was performed to know their distributions in the hind brain of adult rats. OC- and OPN-immunoreactivity (-ir) were detected in neuronal cell bodies, including perikarya and proximal dendrites and the neuropil. In the cranial nerve motor nuclei, numerous OC- and OPN-immunoreactive (-ir) neurons were detected. The neuropil in the cranial motor nuclei mostly showed strong OC- and OPN-staining intensity. The cranial nerve sensory nuclei and other relay and modulating structures in the lower brain stem also contained various numbers of OC- and OPN-ir neurons. The staining intensities in the neuropil were varied among these regions. In the cerebellar cortex, Purkinje cells and granule cells showed OPN-ir but not OC-ir. However, OC- and OPN-ir neurons were abundantly distributed throughout the cerebellar nuclei. The neuropil in the cerebellar nuclei showed moderate OC-ir and strong OPN-ir staining intensities. These findings indicate that the distribution patterns of OC- and OPN-ir neurons were similar in many structures within the hind brain. OC may play a role in modulating neuroprotective function of OPN.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology