Origins of structural and electrochemical influence on Y-doped BaZrO 3 heat-treated with NiO additive

Donglin Han, Kozo Shinoda, Susumu Tsukimoto, Hisao Takeuchi, Chihiro Hiraiwa, Masatoshi Majima, Tetsuya Uda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Nickel (Ni) is expected to be an attractive anode material for protonic ceramic fuel cells using Y-doped BaZrO3 (BZY) as an electrolyte, since Ni shows good catalytic properties for the anode reaction, and NiO is a sintering aid for BZY. In this work, a systematic investigation has been performed to reveal the influence of Ni incorporation on structural and electrochemical properties of BZY. Then, some new knowledge was obtained; the important point is that Ni cations occupy the interstitial position of (1/2, 0, 0) in the lattice of BZY, with a greatly Ba-deficient environment. As a result, Ba cations were possibly driven to the grain boundary and induced the formation of a liquid phase, which promoted the sintering process. However, the occupation of Ni on this (1/2, 0, 0) position also resulted in a negative influence on conductivity. A careful processing is required to apply Ni as the electrode in BZY based fuel cells. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12552-12560
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)


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