The transport properties of C59N encapsulated semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) (C59N-peapod) are investigated. Transport measurements of the peapods in field effect transistors (FETs) reveal that ∼14% of the C59N-peapod sample shows n-type behavior even though the electronic properties of the host SWCNTs are similar to those of C60-peapods that exhibit only p-type property. First-principles electronic-structure calculations reveal that the unique transport behavior originates from the monomer form of C59N encapsulated in SWCNTs. The singly occupied (SO) state of C59N lies in the energy gap of the SWCNT and the energy of this state increases substantially when electrons are injected. Because of this shift to higher energy, the SO state acts as a shallow donor state for the conduction band of the nanotube, which leads to n-type behavior in FET measurements.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)