Organizational reforms of state owned forest managements in Germany: Reviews of 13 German states

Ryo Kohsaka, Ryoko Ishizaki, Souichiro Kaze

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


We reviewed and categorized the organizational reforms of state forest managements in Germany. In addition to the review of the current management organizational forms, we captured the characteristics of the two new organizational forms, namely the Landesbetrieb (State Corporation, literally translated) and the Anstalt des öffentli-chen Rechts (Institution under Public Law, literally translated). As the result, (1) organizational changes since 2000 starting from limited number of states have expanded to overall states with accounting system similar to private enterprises, (2) general structural reforms at the states are accountable for such changes, (3) the new forms are either Landesbetrieb and the Anstalt des öffentlichen Rechts and none of the states chose to completely privatize, and (4) the organizational forms were not linked with adoption of the Einheitsforstverwaltung (Unified Forest Administration, literally translated).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-43
Number of pages5
JournalNihon Ringakkai Shi/Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1


  • Administrative and financial reform
  • Germany
  • Municipality
  • State forest
  • States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry


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