Organelle-Level Labile Zn2+ Mapping Based on Targetable Fluorescent Sensors

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Although many Zn2+fluorescent probes have been developed, there remains a lack of consensus on the labile Zn2+concentrations ([Zn2+]) in several cellular compartments, as the fluorescence properties and zinc affinity of the fluorescent probes are greatly affected by the pH and redox environments specific to organelles. In this study, we developed two turn-on-type Zn2+fluorescent probes, namely, ZnDA-2H and ZnDA-3H, with low pH sensitivity and suitable affinity (Kd= 5.0 and 0.16 nM) for detecting physiological labile Zn2+in various cellular compartments, such as the cytosol, nucleus, ER, and mitochondria. Due to their sufficient membrane permeability, both probes were precisely localized to the target organelles in HeLa cells using HaloTag labeling technology. Using an in situ standard quantification method, we identified the [Zn2+] in the tested organelles, resulting in the subcellular [Zn2+] distribution as [Zn2+]ER< [Zn2+]mito< [Zn2+]cyto∼[Zn2+]nuc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)748-757
Number of pages10
JournalACS Sensors
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 25


  • labile Zn
  • organelle
  • quantification
  • small-molecule protein hybrid probe
  • subcellular mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Instrumentation
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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