Background/Aim: We have recently shown that oral recombinant methionase (o-rMETase) prevents obesity and diabetes onset in mice on a high-fat (HF) diet. The present study aimed to determine if o-rMETase can inhibit the onset of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) onset in mice on a high-fat diet. Materials and Methods: Male C57BL/6J mice in the control group were fed a normal-fat diet (NFD) (+6.5% fat), and other mice were fed a high-fat (HF) diet (+34.3% fat). Then, the mice on the HF diet were divided into two dietary groups: i) HF+phosphate buffered saline (PBS) group, and ii) HF+o-rMETase group. Result: The fatty change score in the livers of mice treated with HF+PBS increased to an average of 2.6 during the experimental period of 8 weeks. In contrast, the fatty change in the livers of mice on the HF+o-rMETase group had an average score of 0.92 (p=0.04, HF+PBS vs HF+o-rMETase). Conclusion: o-rMETase inhibited the onset of NAFLD as well as prevented obesity and the onset of diabetes on a high-fat diet, offering a possibility of a new paradigm to prevent liver cirrhosis or liver cancer via NAFLD.
- Fatty liver
- Methionine restriction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)