Oral microbiota in crevices around dental implants: Profiling of oral biofilm

Takuichi Sato, Lingyang Tian, Yuki Abiko, Jumpei Washio, Nobuhiro Takahashi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Large numbers of bacteria (>106/mm2) generally inhabit the surface of the oral cavity, particularly at the interface between teeth and gingiva, as an oral biofilm (microbiota). The establishment of anaerobic bacterial culture and molecular biological techniques has enabled us to isolate and detect various bacterial species from oral biofilm. It has been estimated that more than 600 bacterial species inhabit the oral cavity. Nevertheless, the oral cavity is considered healthy when the oral microbiota is composed of indigenous bacteria. Numerous environmental changes in the oral cavity may lead to accumulation of dental caries-associated or periodontitis-associated bacteria, resulting in the initiation of dental caries or periodontitis, respectively. The environment in crevices around dental implants is considered similar to that in subgingival sulcus, such as neutral pH, anaerobiosis and rich nutrition (e.g., amino acids and peptides). The environment may be supportive of anaerobic growth of the bacteria in microbiota in crevices around implants, particularly at the interface between histocompatible artificial material and mucosal epithelium. The microbiota may trigger inflammation in the tissue around the implants. In this article, the current topics on the profiling of oral microbiota in crevices around implants are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInterface Oral Health Science 2014
Subtitle of host publicationInnovative Research on Biosis-Abiosis Intelligent Interface
PublisherSpringer Japan
Pages45-50
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9784431551928
ISBN (Print)9784431551256
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Bacteria
  • Dental implant
  • Oral microbiota
  • Profiling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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  • Cite this

    Sato, T., Tian, L., Abiko, Y., Washio, J., & Takahashi, N. (2015). Oral microbiota in crevices around dental implants: Profiling of oral biofilm. In Interface Oral Health Science 2014: Innovative Research on Biosis-Abiosis Intelligent Interface (pp. 45-50). Springer Japan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-55192-8_4