Optimum system design for effective utilization of livestock manure in rural area

Hideaki Kawanishi, Hiroki Morioka, Toshihiko Nakata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A linear optimization model to design livestock manure disposal system has been developed. The model can design the most economically efficient disposal system under the restriction of nitrogen supply, which has to be less than nitrogen demand in agricultural land to prevent water and land pollution. The livestock manure considered in the model are dairy cattle, beef cattle, swine, and poultry excreta. The disposal facilities considered here are composting, carbonization, wet methane fermentation, dry methane fermentation and poultry manure boiler. The optimization model has been applied for case study focused on Tome-city with four scenarios, such as scenario 1; reference case, scenario 2; subsidy for biogas plant case, scenario 3; facilitation of organic fertilizer utilization case, and scenario 4; combination of scenario 2 and 3. In the reference case, because of low demand for organic fertilizer, much of the live stock manure is processed in carbonization facility and not utilized as compost or liauid fertilizer. The result indicates that the facilitation of organic fertilizer utilization is the best policy option to maximize economic efficiency. Moreover, the combination of subsidy for biogas plant and facilitation of organic fertilizer utilization is the best policy option for energy utilization of livestock manure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-264
Number of pages9
JournalNihon Enerugi Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy
Volume86
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr

Keywords

  • Biomass utilization system
  • Economic efficiency
  • Energy flow
  • Environmental impact
  • Linear optimization
  • Livestock manure
  • Material flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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