Improvements of the regularity of the arrangement of anodic porous alumina formed by selenic acid anodizing were investigated under various operating conditions. The oxide burning voltage increased with the stirring rate of the selenic acid solution, and the high applied voltage without oxide burning was achieved by vigorously stirring the solution. The regularity of the porous alumina was improved as the anodizing time and surface flatness increased. Conversely, the purity of the 99.5-99.9999 wt% aluminum specimens without second phases of metals and metallic compounds was not affected by the regularity of the porous alumina formed by selenic acid anodizing. The porous alumina was also self-ordered on/around a defect, such as a grain boundary, under self-ordering high voltage anodizing conditions. A highly ordered cell arrangement measuring 111 nm in diameter was successfully fabricated over the whole aluminum surface by selenic acid anodizing using a 99.999 wt% aluminum plate at 273 K and 46 V for 24 h under vigorous stirring conditions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry