Superconducting detectors, such as microwave kinetic inductance detectors (MKIDs), are sensitive to the effects of ambient magnetic fields. There are two effects magnetic fields have on the response of MKIDs; the trapping of magnetic fields inside the superconducting materials degrades the resonator quality, and the time variation of the magnetic fields results in a baseline fluctuation. In the case of radio astronomy, this means the detector must be protected from the geomagnetic field. Here, we construct a test system to evaluate the effects described. We also evaluate the impact of the magnetic shield. We find that a shielding power of 47 dB is necessary in the case of application with a noise equivalent power of 2.4×10-16W/Hz. We also confirm that the measured shielding power obtained using permalloy films is consistent with simulations based on the finite element method to an accuracy of 1 dB. We have designed magnetic shields for the GroundBIRD CMB telescope using these results. We achieve a sufficient shielding power of 55 dB.
- Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation
- Magnetic shield
- Microwave kinetic inductance detector
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics