Optimal design of biomass utilization system for rural area includes technical and economic dimensions

Yasuki Morioka, Toshihiko Nakata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to design optimal biomass utilization system for rural area, OMNIBUS (The Optimization Model for Neo-Integrated Biomass Utilization System) has been developed. OMNIBUS can derive the optimal system configuration to meet different objective function, such as current account balance, amount of biomass energy supply, and CO2 emission. Most of biomass resources in a focused region e.g. wood biomass, livestock biomass, and crop residues are considered in the model. Conversion technologies considered are energy utilization technologies e.g. direct combustion and methane fermentation, and material utilization technologies e.g. composting and carbonization. Case study in Miyakojima, Okinawa prefecture, has been carried out for several objective functions and constraint conditions. Considering economics of the utilization system as a priority requirement, composting and combustion heat utilization are mainly chosen in the optimal system configuration. However gasification power plant and methane fermentation are included in optimal solutions, only when both biomass energy utilization and CO2 reduction have been set as higher priorities. External benefit of CO2 reduction has large impacts on the system configuration. Provided marginal external benefit of more than 50,000 JPY/t-C, external benefit becomes greater than the revenue from electricity and compost etc. Considering technological learning in the future, expensive technologies such as gasification power plant and methane fermentation will have economic feasibility as well as market competitiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-183+2
JournalIEEJ Transactions on Electronics, Information and Systems
Volume128
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • CO reduction
  • Economic feasibility
  • External benefit
  • Rural area
  • Technological learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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