Optical spectropolarimetry of SN 2002ap: A high-velocity asymmetric explosion

K. S. Kawabata, D. J. Jeffery, M. Iye, Y. Ohyama, G. Kosugi, N. Kashikawa, N. Ebizuka, T. Sasaki, K. Sekiguchi, K. Nomoto, P. Mazzali, J. Deng, K. Maeda, H. Umeda, K. Aoki, Y. Saito, T. Takata, M. Yoshida, R. Asai, M. InataK. Okita, K. Ota, T. Ozawa, Y. Shimizu, H. Taguchi, Y. Yadoumaru, T. Misawa, F. Nakata, T. Yamada, I. Tanaka, T. Kodama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present spectropolarimetry of the Type Ic supernova SN 2002ap and give a preliminary analysis: the data were taken at two epochs, close to and 1 month later than the visual maximum (2002 February 8). In addition, we present June 9 spectropolarimetry without analysis. The data show the development of linear polarization. Distinct polarization profiles were seen only in the O I λ7773 multiplet/Ca II IR triplet absorption trough at maximum light and in the O I λ7773 multiplet and Ca II IR triplet absorption troughs a month later, with the latter showing a peak polarization as high as ∼2%. The intrinsic polarization shows three clear position angles: 80° for the February continuum, 120° for the February line feature, and 150° for the March data. We conclude that there are multiple asymmetric components in the ejecta. We suggest that the supernova has a bulk asymmetry with an axial ratio projected on the sky that is different from 1 by an order of 10%. Furthermore, we suggest very speculatively that a high-velocity ejecta component moving faster than ∼0.115c (e.g., a jet) contributes to polarization in the February epoch.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L39-L42
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume580
Issue number1 II
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Nov 20

Keywords

  • Polarization
  • Supernovae: individual (SN 2002ap)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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