Optical spectropolarimetry and asphericity of the type Ic SN 2007gr

Masaomi Tanaka, Koji S. Kawabata, Keiichi Maeda, Takashi Hattori, Ken'Ichi Nomoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present an optical spectropolarimetric observation of the Type Ic supernova (SN) 2007gr made with the Subaru Telescope at 21 days after maximum brightness (̃37 days after the explosion). Nonzero polarization as high as ̃3% is observed at the absorption feature of the Ca n IR triplet. The polarization of the continuum light is ̃0.5% if we estimate the interstellar polarization (ISP) component by assuming that the continuum polarization has a single polarization angle. This suggests that the axis ratio of the SN photosphere projected on the sky differs from unity by ̃ 10%. The polarization angle at the Ca n absorption is almost aligned with that of the continuum light. These features may be understood in the context of a model in which a bipolar explosion with an oblate photosphere is being viewed from a slightly off-axis direction and explosively synthesized Ca near the polar region obscures the light that originates around the minor axis of the SN photosphere. Given the uncertainty in the ISP, however, the polarization data could also be interpreted with a model with an almost spherically symmetric photosphere and a clumpy Ca II distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1191-1198
Number of pages8
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume689
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 20
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Polarization
  • Supernovae: general
  • Supernovae: individual (SN 2007gr)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Tanaka, M., Kawabata, K. S., Maeda, K., Hattori, T., & Nomoto, KI. (2008). Optical spectropolarimetry and asphericity of the type Ic SN 2007gr. Astrophysical Journal, 689(2), 1191-1198. https://doi.org/10.1086/592325