Optical identification of the ASCA medium sensitivity survey in the northern sky: Nature of hard X-ray-selected luminous active galactic nuclei

Masayuki Akiyama, Yoshihiro Ueda, Kouji Ohta, Tadayuki Takahashi, Toru Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the results of optical spectroscopic identifications of a bright subsample of 2-10 keV hard X-ray-selected sources from the ASCA Medium Sensitivity Survey in the northern sky (AMSSn). The flux limit of the subsample is 3 × 10-13 erg s-1 cm-2 in the 2-10 keV band. All but one of the 87 hard X-ray-selected sources are optically identified, with AGNs (including broad-line AGNs, narrow-line AGNs, and three BL Lac objects), seven clusters of galaxies, and one galactic star. It is the largest complete sample of hard X-ray-selected AGNs at the bright flux limit. Amounts of absorption to their nuclei are estimated to be hydrogen column densities (NH) of up to ∼ 3 × 1023 cm -2 from their X-ray spectra. Optical properties of X-ray absorbed AGNs with NH > 1 × 1022 cm-2 indicate the effects of dust absorption: at redshifts z < 0.6, AGNs without broad Hβ emission lines have significantly larger NH-values than AGNs with broad Hβ emission lines. At z > 0.6, the X-ray absorbed AGNs have a large hard X-ray to optical flux ratio (logf2-10 keV/fR > +1). However, three X-ray absorbed z > 0.6 AGNs show strong broad lines. In combination With hard X-ray-selected AGN samples from the ASCA Large Sky Survey, the ASCA Deep Survey in the Lockman Hole, and Chandra Deep Field North, the luminosity distributions of absorbed (NH > 1 × 10 22 cm-2) and less-absorbed (NH < 1 × 1022 cm-2) AGNs are compared.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-315
Number of pages41
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume148
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Oct

Keywords

  • Diffuse radiation
  • Galaxies: active
  • Quasars: general
  • Surveys
  • X-rays: diffuse background

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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