A series of infrared-active optical phonons have been detected in type-I clathrate Ba8 Ga16 Ge30 by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy. The conductivity spectra with the lowest-lying peaks at 1.15 and 1.80 THz are identified with the so-called rattling phonons, i.e., optical modes of the guest ion Ba2+ (2) with T1u symmetry in the oversized tetrakaidecahedral cage. The temperature dependence of the spectra from these modes are totally consistent with calculations based on a one-dimensional anharmonic potential model that, with decreasing temperature, the shape becomes asymmetrically sharp associated with a softening for the weight to shift to lower frequency. These temperature dependences are determined, without any interaction effects, by the Bose factor for optical excitations of anharmonic phonons with the nonequally spaced energy levels.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Jun 12|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics