Optical characterization of n = 1.03 silica aerogel used as radiator in the RICH of HERMES

E. Aschenauer, N. Bianchi, G. P. Capitani, P. Carter, C. Casalino, E. Cisbani, C. Coluzza, R. De Leo, E. De Sanctis, D. De Schepper, V. Djordjadze, B. Filippone, S. Frullani, F. Garibaldi, J. O. Hansen, B. Hommez, M. Iodice, H. E. Jackson, R. Kaiser, J. KanesakaL. Lagamba, V. Muccifora, E. Nappi, W. D. Nowak, T. G. O'Neill, D. Potterveld, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Sakemi, F. Sato, A. Schwind, K. Suetsugu, T. A. Shibata, E. Thomas, M. Tytgat, G. M. Urciuoli, K. Van De Kerckhove, R. Van De Vyver, S. Yoneyama, L. F. Zhang

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36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The optical properties of silica aerogel tiles with a refractive index of 1.03 and dimensions 11 × 11 × 1 cm3, produced by the Matushita Electric Works (Japan), have been measured in the wavelength range from 200 to 900 nm. The tiles are used as one of the two radiators of the ring imaging Cherenkov counter of the HERMES experiment at DESY-HERA. The transmittance of light has been measured on 200 tiles by means of a double beam spectrophotometer. The light transflectance and reflectance have been measured on one tile by means of a single-beam spectrophotometer and an integrating reflecting sphere. Typical values of the measured transmittances at a wavelength λ = 400 nm are around 0.67. The measured transflectance increases almost linearly from 0.4 to 0.96 in the interval 200-300 nm, and remains nearly constant at the value 0.95 in the complementary λ-range. The measured reflectance, mostly confined below 400 nm, is completely interpretable as backscattering from inside the aerogel, revealing an absence of light reflection at the aerogel surfaces. The transmittance data have been fitted with the Hunt formula, whose parameters have been used to evaluate the number of unscattered and scattered Cherenkov photons produced by aerogel. For stacks of 5 tiles and quantum efficiencies of phototubes with bialkali photocathodes, rings with up to 19 photoelectrons/event can be expected for β = 1 particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-347
Number of pages10
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume440
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Feb 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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