Optic Disc Margin Anatomic Features in Myopic Eyes with Glaucoma with Spectral-Domain OCT

Yu Sawada, Makoto Araie, Hitomi Shibata, Makoto Ishikawa, Toyoto Iwata, Takeshi Yoshitomi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate optic disc margin anatomic features in myopic eyes with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) using spectral-domain (SD) OCT. Design: Cross-sectional study. Participants: Two hundred four eyes of 102 participants with OAG and 106 eyes of 53 participants without glaucoma with axial length of 24 mm or more. Methods: Radial SD OCT B-scans centered on the optic discs were acquired in each eye, and the SD OCT data were colocalized with the optic disc stereophotographs. Optic disc margin anatomic features were evaluated as (1) SD OCT structure coinciding with the disc margin identified in the stereophotograph, (2) border tissue configuration, and (3) presence of Bruch's membrane overhang, and their frequency was computed in each clock-hour position. Further, paired eyes of myopic participants with OAG were divided into eyes with better or worse visual field defect (VFD), according to the mean deviation of the Humphrey visual field test, and associated factors were compared. Main Outcome Measures: Spectral-domain OCT structures coinciding with the visible optic disc margin in stereophotographs. Results: In myopic eyes with OAG, mean axial length was 25.96±1.07 mm and mean deviation was –8.87±7.78 dB. In approximately 90% of the participants, anterior scleral opening (ASO) coincided with the temporal disc margin and Bruch's membrane opening (BMO) with the nasal disc margin. Border tissue configuration was externally oblique in the temporal region and internally oblique in the nasal region of the optic disc. Bruch's membrane overhang was observed in a relatively small percentage of eyes. The same pattern of disc margin anatomic features was observed in the myopic eyes without glaucoma. The myopic optic disc was shaped by the temporal shifting of the BMO from the ASO, and the extent of shifting was expressed as the width of γ zone parapapillary atrophy (PPA). The greater γ zone PPA width was associated significantly with the worse VFD between paired eyes. Conclusions: The myopic eyes with OAG exhibited characteristic optic disc margin anatomic features that was considered to be derived from myopic deformation of the eye. The greater γ zone PPA width may increase susceptibility to the glaucomatous stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1886-1897
Number of pages12
JournalOphthalmology
Volume125
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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