Operando Soft X-ray Absorption Spectroscopic Study on a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathode during Electrochemical Oxygen Reduction

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An operando soft X-ray absorption spectroscopic technique, which enabled the analysis of the electronic structures of the electrode materials at elevated temperature in a controlled atmosphere and electrochemical polarization, was established and its availability was demonstrated by investigating the electronic structural changes of an La2NiO4+δ dense-film electrode during an electrochemical oxygen reduction reaction. Clear O K-edge and Ni L-edge X-ray absorption spectra could be obtained below 773 K under an atmospheric pressure of 100 ppm O2/He, 0.1 % O2/He, and 1 % O2 He gas mixtures. Considerable spectral changes were observed in the O K-edge X-ray absorption spectra upon changing the Po2 and application of electrical potential, whereas only small spectral changes were observed in Ni L-edge X-ray absorption spectra. A pre-edge peak of the O K-edge X-ray absorption spectra, which reflects the unoccupied partial density of states of Ni 3d–O 2p hybridization, increased or decreased with cathodic or anodic polarization, respectively. The electronic structural changes of the outermost orbital of the electrode material due to electrochemical polarization were successfully confirmed by the operando X-ray absorption spectroscopic technique developed in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2008-2014
Number of pages7
JournalChemSusChem
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

Keywords

  • X-ray absorption spectroscopy
  • cathodes
  • electrochemistry
  • electronic structure
  • fuel cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Energy(all)

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