One-pot hydrothermal synthesis of victoria green (Ca3Cr2Si3O12) nanoparticles in Alkaline fluids and its colour hue characterisation

J. C. Rendón-Angeles, Z. Matamoros-Veloza, J. L. Rodríguez-Galicia, G. Seong, K. Yanagisawa, A. Tamayo, J. Rubio, L. A. Anaya-Chavira

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1 Citation (Scopus)


One-pot hydrothermal preparation of Ca3Cr2Si3O12 uvarovite nanoparticles under alkaline conditions was investigated for the first time. The experimental parameters selected for the study considered the concentration of the KOH solvent solution (0.01 to 5.0 M), the agitation of the autoclave (50 rpm), and the nominal content of Si4+ (2.2–3.0 mole). Fine uvarovite particles were synthesised at 200 °C after a 3 h interval in a highly concentrated 5.0 M KOH solution. The crystallisation of single-phase Ca3Cr2Si3O12 particles proceeded free of by-products via a one-pot process involving a single-step reaction. KOH solutions below 2.5 M and water hindered the crystallisation of the Ca3Cr2Si3O12 particles. The hydrothermal treatments carried out with stirring (50 rpm) and non-stirring triggered the crystallisation of irregular anhedral particles with average sizes of 8.05 and 12.25 nm, respectively. These particles spontaneously assembled into popcorn-shaped agglomerates with sizes varying from 66 to 156 nm. All the powders prepared by the present method exhibited CIE-L*a*b* values that correspond to the Victoria green colour spectral space and have a high near infrared reflectance property. The particle size and structural crystallinity are factors affecting the Victoria pigment optical properties, such as CIE-L*a*b* values, green tonality, and NIR reflectance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number521
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb


  • CCrSiO
  • Hierarchical architecture
  • Hydrothermal synthesis
  • Nanosized dyes
  • One-pot reaction
  • Victorian green pigment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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