One-dimensional migration of interstitial clusters in SUS316L and its model alloys at elevated temperatures

Yuhki Satoh, Hiroaki Abe, Yoshitaka Matsukawa, T. Matsunaga, Shou Kano, S. Arai, Y. Yamamoto, N. Tanaka

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For self-interstitial atom (SIA) clusters in various concentrated alloys, one-dimensional (1D) migration is induced by electron irradiation around 300 K. But at elevated temperatures, the 1D migration frequency decreases to less than one-tenth of that around 300 K in iron-based bcc alloys. In this study, we examined mechanisms of 1D migration at elevated temperatures using in situ observation of SUS316L and its model alloys with high-voltage electron microscopy. First, for elevated temperatures, we examined the effects of annealing and short-term electron irradiation of SIA clusters on their subsequent 1D migration. In annealed SUS316L, 1D migration was suppressed and then recovered by prolonged irradiation at 300 K. In high-purity model alloy Fe-18Cr-13Ni, annealing or irradiation had no effect. Addition of carbon or oxygen to the model alloy suppressed 1D migration after annealing. Manganese and silicon did not suppress 1D migration after annealing but after short-term electron irradiation. The suppression was attributable to the pinning of SIA clusters by segregated solute elements, and the recovery was to the dissolution of the segregation by interatomic mixing under electron irradiation. Next, we examined 1D migration of SIA clusters in SUS316L under continuous electron irradiation at elevated temperatures. The 1D migration frequency at 673 K was proportional to the irradiation intensity. It was as high as half of that at 300 K. We proposed that 1D migration is controlled by the competition of two effects: induction of 1D migration by interatomic mixing and suppression by solute segregation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1587-1606
Number of pages20
JournalPhilosophical Magazine
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 13


  • dislocation loops
  • electron irradiation
  • high-voltage electron microscope
  • in situ observation
  • irradiation effects
  • point defects
  • radiation-induced segregation
  • strain ageing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Satoh, Y., Abe, H., Matsukawa, Y., Matsunaga, T., Kano, S., Arai, S., Yamamoto, Y., & Tanaka, N. (2015). One-dimensional migration of interstitial clusters in SUS316L and its model alloys at elevated temperatures. Philosophical Magazine, 95(14), 1587-1606.