Onboard software of Plasma Wave Experiment aboard Arase: instrument management and signal processing of Waveform Capture/Onboard Frequency Analyzer

Shoya Matsuda, Yoshiya Kasahara, Hirotsugu Kojima, Yasumasa Kasaba, Satoshi Yagitani, Mitsunori Ozaki, Tomohiko Imachi, Keigo Ishisaka, Atsushi Kumamoto, Fuminori Tsuchiya, Mamoru Ota, Satoshi Kurita, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Mitsuru Hikishima, Ayako Matsuoka, Iku Shinohara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


We developed the onboard processing software for the Plasma Wave Experiment (PWE) onboard the Exploration of energization and Radiation in Geospace, Arase satellite. The PWE instrument has three receivers: Electric Field Detector, Waveform Capture/Onboard Frequency Analyzer (WFC/OFA), and the High-Frequency Analyzer. We designed a pseudo-parallel processing scheme with a time-sharing system and achieved simultaneous signal processing for each receiver. Since electric and magnetic field signals are processed by the different CPUs, we developed a synchronized observation system by using shared packets on the mission network. The OFA continuously measures the power spectra, spectral matrices, and complex spectra. The OFA obtains not only the entire ELF/VLF plasma waves’ activity but also the detailed properties (e.g., propagation direction and polarization) of the observed plasma waves. We performed simultaneous observation of electric and magnetic field data and successfully obtained clear wave properties of whistler-mode chorus waves using these data. In order to measure raw waveforms, we developed two modes for the WFC, ‘chorus burst mode’ (65,536 samples/s) and ‘EMIC burst mode’ (1024 samples/s), for the purpose of the measurement of the whistler-mode chorus waves (typically in a frequency range from several hundred Hz to several kHz) and the EMIC waves (typically in a frequency range from a few Hz to several hundred Hz), respectively. We successfully obtained the waveforms of electric and magnetic fields of whistler-mode chorus waves and ion cyclotron mode waves along the Arase’s orbit. We also designed the software-type wave–particle interaction analyzer mode. In this mode, we measure electric and magnetic field waveforms continuously and transfer them to the mission data recorder onboard the Arase satellite. We also installed an onboard signal calibration function (onboard SoftWare CALibration; SWCAL). We performed onboard electric circuit diagnostics and antenna impedance measurement of the wire-probe antennas along the orbit. We utilize the results obtained using the SWCAL function when we calibrate the spectra and waveforms obtained by the PWE.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Article number75
Journalearth, planets and space
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1


  • Arase satellite
  • Chorus wave
  • EMIC wave
  • ERG
  • Geospace
  • Magnetosonic wave
  • Onboard processing
  • PWE
  • Plasma wave
  • Radiation belt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science


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