On the Use of Lateral Wave for the Interlayer Debonding Detecting in an Asphalt Airport Pavement Using a Multistatic GPR System

Lilong Zou, Li Yi, Motoyuki Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In this article, we focus on the detection of the interlayer debonding of the asphalt airport pavement by the ground-penetrating radar (GPR) system. Since the interlayer debonding usually occurs in the shallow region of the asphalt airport pavement (several centimeters), it is difficult to interpret the anomalies or the defects from the GPR signals composed of many waves under the boundary conditions. Moreover, the wavelength of the ordinary GPR system is over several centimeters. Therefore, the spatial resolution of the system is not accurate enough to consider the millimeter thickness of the debonding layer. To overcome these problems, we propose a new method based on evaluating the lateral wave behavior of common midpoint (CMP) gathers collected by a multiple static GPR system. The multistatic GPR system is a stepped frequency continuous wave (SFCW) radar system, which consists of eight transmitting and eight receiving bowtie antennas. The system operates in the frequency range from 50 MHz to 1.5 GHz. After the validation of the simulation, the results of the interlayer debonding detection were evaluated by a field experiment obtained at Tokyo International Airport. The proposed method can detect the debonding layers which are less than 1 mm. Also, it is shown that our proposed method has a high consistency with the conventional acoustic finding method in the field measurement. It provides an innovative and effective method for the interlayer debonding detection of a partially damaged airport asphalt pavement, which is difficult to be observed by the ordinary GPR signals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8957392
Pages (from-to)4215-4224
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun
Externally publishedYes


  • Asphalt airport pavement
  • common midpoint (CMP)
  • ground-penetrating radar (GPR)
  • interlayer debonding detection
  • lateral wave
  • multistatic GPR system
  • nondestructive inspection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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