On the role of small additives for nanocrystalline formation from amorphous matrix

M. Matsuura, M. Sakurai, S. H. Kim, A. P. Tsai, A. Inoue, K. Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The roles of dilute additives on grain refinement by devitrification are studied by means of XAFS. Local structure changes during nanocrystalline formation are observed for Cu in Fe73.5Cu1Nb3Si13.5B9 and for Ce in Al87Ni10Ce3, Although both Cu and Ce promote precipitation of α-Fe and α-Al respectively, the manner in which they do so are quite different. The Cu inclines to form fcc Cu clusters prior to the onset of α-Fe precipitation. The local structure of Ce does not show any definite changes through α-Al precipitation indicating that Ce does not directly correlate with α-Al precipitation. The Ce addition extends amorphous formability of this alloy towards the pure Al region resulting in the formation of quenched-in nuclei for an as-quenched state. These pre-existing α-Al nuclei induce αa-Al precipitation at an early stage of crystallization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-400
Number of pages4
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Oct 30
Externally publishedYes


  • Finemet
  • Fluorescence XAFS
  • Impurity effects
  • Nanocrystallines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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