## Abstract

Jurišić and Koolen proposed to study 1-homogeneous distance-regular graphs, whoseμ-graphs (that is, the graphs induced on the common neighbours of two vertices at distance 2) are complete multipartite. Examples include the Johnson graph J (8, 4), the halved 8-cube, the known generalized quadrangle of order (4, 2), an antipodal distance-regular graph constructed by T. Meixner and the Patterson graph. We investigate a more general situation, namely, requiring the graphs to have complete multipartite μ-graphs, and that the intersection number α exists, which means that for a triple (x, y, z) of vertices in Γ, such that x and y are adjacent and z is at distance 2 from x and y, the number α (x, y, z) of common neighbours of x, y and z does not depend on the choice of a triple. The latter condition is satisfied by any 1-homogeneous graph. Let K_{t × n} denote the complete multipartite graph with t parts, each of which consists of an n-coclique. We show that if Γ is a graph whose μ-graphs are all isomorphic to K_{t × n} and whose intersection number α exists, then α = t, as conjectured by Jurišić and Koolen, provided α ≥ 2. We also prove t ≤ 4, and that equality holds only when Γ is the unique distance-regular graph 3 . O_{7} (3).

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1812-1819 |

Number of pages | 8 |

Journal | Discrete Mathematics |

Volume | 310 |

Issue number | 12 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2010 Jun 28 |

## Keywords

- Complete multipartite graph
- Distance-regular graph
- Generalized quadrangle
- Local graph
- Regular point
- μ-graph

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Theoretical Computer Science
- Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics