On diversity reception of narrowband 16 star-qam in fast rician fading

Tjeng Thiang Tjhung, Xiaodai Dong, F. Adachi, Kang Hai Tan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


An expression for the bit-error rate (BER) of 16 STAR-quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) with differential encoding and detection in a Rician fading channel with diversity reception is obtained. Two types of intermediate frequency (IF) filters are considered in the analysis: the intersymbol interference (ISI)-free matched and nonlSI-free Gaussian filters. BER curves for various ratios of the line-of-sight (LOS) power to the multipath power, Doppler spread frequencies, and orders of diversity are presented. It is shown that 16 STAR-QAM outperforms 16 DPSK under the same power-limited condition. For the Gaussian receive filter, a filter bandwidth of about 1.2 times the symbol rate is found to lead to a minimum error probability prior to the appearance of error-rate floors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)923-932
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Bit-error rate
  • Diversity reception
  • Quadrature amplitude modulation
  • Rician fading

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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