Olopatadine inhibits exocytosis in rat peritoneal mast cells by counteracting membrane surface deformation

Asuka Baba, Masahiro Tachi, Yoshio Maruyama, Itsuro Kazama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Backgroud/Aims: Besides its anti-Allergic properties as a histamine receptor antagonist, olopatadine stabilizes mast cells by inhibiting the release of chemokines. Since olopatadine bears amphiphilic features and is preferentially partitioned into the lipid bilayers of the plasma membrane, it would induce some morphological changes in mast cells and thus affect the process of exocytosis. Methods: Employing the standard patch-clamp whole-cell recording technique, we examined the effects of olopatadine and other anti-Allergic drugs on the membrane capacitance (Cm) in rat peritoneal mast cells during exocytosis. Using confocal imaging of a water-soluble fluorescent dye, lucifer yellow, we also examined their effects on the deformation of the plasma membrane. Results: Low concentrations of olopatadine (1 or 10 μM) did not significantly affect the GTP-γ-S-induced increase in the Cm. However, 100 μM and 1 mM olopatadine almost totally suppressed the increase in the Cm. Additionally, these doses completely washed out the trapping of the dye on the cell surface, indicating that olopatadine counteracted the membrane surface deformation induced by exocytosis. As shown by electron microscopy, olopatadine generated inward membrane bending in mast cells. Conclusion: This study provides electrophysiological evidence for the first time that olopatadine dose-dependently inhibits the process of exocytosis in rat peritoneal mast cells. Such mast cell stabilizing properties of olopatadine may be attributed to its counteracting effects on the plasma membrane deformation in degranulating mast cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-396
Number of pages11
JournalCellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 21

Keywords

  • Exocytosis
  • Mast cell stabilizing properties
  • Membrane capacitance
  • Olopatadine
  • Plasma membrane deformation
  • Rat peritoneal mast cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Olopatadine inhibits exocytosis in rat peritoneal mast cells by counteracting membrane surface deformation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this