Objectives: To evaluate correlations between tumour response to definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and histogram-derived apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) parameters on diffusion-weighted MR images. Methods: Forty patients with clinical T3–4 oesophageal SCC underwent concurrent CRT. MR examination at 3 T was performed 1–3 days prior to CRT. Readout-segmented echo-planar diffusion imaging was used to acquire ADC maps. Pre- and post-treatment CT examinations were performed. Histogram parameters (mean, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th percentiles, skewness and kurtosis) of the ADC values were compared with post-treatment disease status based on RECIST and the tumour regression ratio. Results: None of the ADC parameters showed significant correlation with post-treatment status (range of Spearman’s ρ values − 0.19 to 0.14, range of p values 0.22–0.47) or tumour regression ratio (range of Spearman’s ρ values − 0.045 to 0.18, range of p values 0.26–0.96). Neither progression-free survival (PFS) (p = 0.17) nor overall survival (OS) (p = 0.15) was significantly different between the two groups corresponding to the lower (< median) and upper arms (≥ median) of the mean ADC values. Conclusions: Histogram-derived pretreatment ADC parameters were not predictive imaging biomarkers for tumour response to CRT in patients with oesophageal SCC. Key Points: • Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values are derived from diffusion-weighted MR imaging. • High-resolution diffusion-weighted images are generated by readout-segmented echo-planar diffusion imaging. • Readout-segmented echo-planar diffusion-weighted imaging enabled evaluation of ADC parameters. • Pretreatment ADC parameters do not predict chemoradiotherapy response in patients with oesophageal carcinoma.
- Diffusion-weighted imaging
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Oesophageal cancer
- Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging