Octacalcium phosphate collagen composites with titanium mesh facilitate alveolar augmentation in canine mandibular bone defects

K. Miura, K. Matsui, T. Kawai, Y. Kato, A. Matsui, O. Suzuki, S. Kamakura, S. Echigo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was designed to investigate whether bone regeneration by implantation of octacalcium phosphate and porcine atelocollagen composite (OCP/Col) would be enhanced if mechanical stress to the implanted OCP/Col were alleviated. OCP/Col discs were implanted into an arc-shaped mandibular defect in male adult beagle dogs divided into untreated, OCP/Col, and OCP/Col/Mesh groups. In the OCP/Col/Mesh group, mechanical stress towards the implanted OCP/Col was alleviated by a titanium mesh. Bone regeneration in the three groups was compared after 6 months. Macroscopically, the alveolus in the OCP/Col/Mesh group was augmented vertically more than in the other two groups. Morphometric analysis by micro-CT showed the bone volume in the OCP/Col/Mesh group was significantly greater than in the other two groups. The augmented alveolus in the OCP/Col/Mesh group consisted of outer cortical and inner cancellous structure. Histologically, the OCP/Col/Mesh-treated alveolus was augmented by matured bone tissue along the inside of the titanium mesh. The implanted OCP/Col in the OCP/Col/Mesh and OCP/Col groups had almost disappeared. These results indicated that vertical bone regeneration by OCP/Col was efficient and successful when the mechanical stress to the implanted OCP/Col was alleviated. OCP/Col should be a useful bone substitute with active structural reconstitution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1161-1169
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume41
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Sep

Keywords

  • bone regeneration
  • dog
  • mechanical stress
  • octacalcium phosphate
  • titanium mesh

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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