Octacalcium phosphate collagen composite (OCP/Col) enhance bone regeneration in a rat model of skull defect with dural defect

Takashi Sasaki, Kuniyasu Niizuma, Atsushi Kanoke, Keiko Matsui, Shogo Ogita, Sherif Rashad, Tadashi Kawai, Mika Watanabe, Hidenori Endo, Tetsu Takahashi, Shinji Kamakura, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cranial bone defects are a major issue in the field of neurosurgery, and improper management of such defects can cause cosmetic issues as well as more serious infections and inflammation. Several strategies exist to manage these defects clinically, but most rely on synthetic materials that are prone to complications; thus, a bone regenerative approach would be superior. We tested a material (octacalcium phosphate collagen composite [OCP/Col]) that is known to enhance bone regeneration in a skull defect model in rats. Using a critical-sized rat skull defect model, OCP/Col was implanted in rats with an intact dura or with a partial defect of the dura. The results were compared with those in a no-treatment group over the course of 12 weeks using computed tomographic and histological analysis. OCP/Col enhanced bone regeneration, regardless of whether there was a defect of the dura. OCP/Col can be used to treat skull defects, even when the dura is injured or removed surgically, via bone regeneration with enhanced resorption of OCP/Col, thus limiting the risk of infection greatly.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere03347
JournalHeliyon
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb

Keywords

  • Biomedical materials
  • Bone regeneration
  • Calcium phosphate
  • Collagen
  • Cranium
  • Material
  • Nervous system
  • Neuroscience
  • Neurosurgery
  • Orthopedics
  • Skull
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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