Occurrence and some properties of membrane-bound neutral proteinase in the microsomal fraction of rat skeletal muscle

Yoshikazu Ichihara, Kazuhiro Sogawa, Kenji Takahashi

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    Abstract

    Membrane-bound neutral proteinase was found in the microsomal fraction of rat skeletal muscle as assayed with heat-denatured casein as a substrate. The enzyme was solubilized from 1 M KC1-washed microsomal fraction by 1% sodium cholate containing 0.1 M NaCl, and partially purified by chromatography on a column of Sepharose CL-6B in the presence of 0.5% sodium cholate and 0.1 M NaCl. The enzyme was eluted from the Sepharose column as a single but rather broad peak at a position corresponding to a molecular weight of about 190,000. The pH optimum for hydrolysis of heat-denatured casein was about 8.0. It was inhibited to significant extents by various reagents including diisopropyl phosphorofluoridate, phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride, Nα-tosyl-L-phenylalanine chloromethyl ketone, Nα-tosyl-L-lysine chloromethyl ketone, p-chloromercuriphenyl sulfonate, chymostatin, EDTA, EGTA, and O-phenanthroline. This inhibition profile suggests that the present muscle proteinase is a mixture of proteinases, such as a serine proteinase and a metallo-proteinase similar to those occurring in the microsomal membranes of liver and kidney (or small intestine), respectively. Among urea-denatured proteins tested as substrates, calf thymus histone was hydrolyzed most rapidly, followed by prota mine, hemoglobin, and casein.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)87-95
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of biochemistry
    Volume91
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1982 Jan

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Molecular Biology

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