Observations of presupernova neutrinos relating to the nal evolution of massive stars

T. Yoshida, K. Takahashi, H. Umeda, K. Ishidoshiro

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


We investigate neutrino events from presupernova stars at the distance of 200 pc detected by current and future neutrino observatories. The spectrum evolution of neutrinos emitted from presupernova stars of 12, 15, and 20 M after the O burning until the core collapse is evaluated. The expected events are several to more than ten for KamLAND and are hundreds for JUNO and Hyper-K. The time evolution of the events could reveal the evidence for the change of burning processes during the nal evolution of massive stars. We propose the detection of presupernova neutrinos by Gd-loaded Super-K and Hyper-K using the delayed γ-ray signals of Gd(n, γ) reaction. Gd-loaded Super-K and Hyper-K have a possibility for the detection of hundreds and thousands neutrino events, respectively. We also estimate the time for supernova alarms using presupernova neutrinos. KamLAND, JUNO, and other neutrino detectors could send supernova alarms using presupernova neutrinos several hours to one day before a supernova explosion. Multiple observations of presupernova neutrinos will raise the reliability of the supernova alarm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012259
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 20
Event27th International Conference on Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics, Neutrino 2016 - South Kensington, United Kingdom
Duration: 2016 Jul 42016 Jul 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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