Observation of clear images of dislocations in protein crystals by synchrotron monochromatic-beam X-ray topography

Mayumi Koishi, Naoki Ohya, Yu Mukobayashi, Haruhiko Koizumi, Kenichi Kojima, Masaru Tachibana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Crystal defects, especially dislocations, in hen egg-white lysozyme crystals that have multiple polymorphisms, for example, tetragonal, orthorhombic, monoclinic forms, etc., were investigated by means of synchrotron monochromatic-beam X-ray topography. The observed topographic images of dislocations were much clearer compared to those of any protein crystals that have been reported so far. It was demonstrated that millimeter-size crystals larger than extinction lengths for X-ray topographic reflections are required to obtain clear images, that is, direct images, for protein crystals. In addition, the weak-beam technique was found to be useful for obtaining clearer images. Straight, curved, and loop-type dislocations were clearly resolved on the topographs. This shows that dislocations observed in common inorganic crystals and organic crystals of small molecules can also be introduced even into protein crystals. The shape and configuration of dislocations strongly depended on the crystal form. This suggests that the growth mechanisms in the different crystal forms studied may differ. X-ray topography provides a useful tool for the characterization of protein crystal dislocations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2182-2186
Number of pages5
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Nov 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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