Observation of a first ντ candidate event in the OPERA experiment in the CNGS beam

N. Agafonova, A. Aleksandrov, O. Altinok, M. Ambrosio, A. Anokhina, S. Aoki, A. Ariga, T. Ariga, D. Autiero, A. Badertscher, A. Bagulya, A. Bendhabi, A. Bertolin, M. Besnier, D. Bick, V. Boyarkin, C. Bozza, T. Brugière, R. Brugnera, F. BrunetG. Brunetti, S. Buontempo, A. Cazes, L. Chaussard, M. Chernyavsky, V. Chiarella, N. Chon-Sen, A. Chukanov, R. Ciesielski, F. Dal Corso, N. D'Ambrosio, Y. Declais, P. del Amo Sanchez, G. De Lellis, M. De Serio, F. Di Capua, A. Di Crescenzo, D. Di Ferdinando, N. Di Marco, A. Di Giovanni, S. Dmitrievsky, M. Dracos, D. Duchesneau, S. Dusini, T. Dzhatdoev, J. Ebert, O. Egorov, R. Enikeev, A. Ereditato, L. S. Esposito, J. Favier, T. Ferber, R. A. Fini, D. Frekers, T. Fukuda, V. Galkin, A. Garfagnini, G. Giacomelli, M. Giorgini, J. Goldberg, C. Göllnitz, D. Golubkov, L. Goncharova, Y. Gornushkin, G. Grella, F. Grianti, A. M. Guler, C. Gustavino, C. Hagner, K. Hamada, T. Hara, M. Hierholzer, K. Hoshino, M. Ieva, H. Ishida, K. Ishiguro, K. Jakovcic, C. Jollet, F. Juget, M. Kamiscioglu, J. Kawada, M. Kazuyama, S. H. Kim, M. Kimura, N. Kitagawa, B. Klicek, J. Knuesel, K. Kodama, M. Komatsu, U. Kose, I. Kreslo, H. Kubota, C. Lazzaro, J. Lenkeit, I. Lippi, A. Ljubicic, A. Longhin, G. Lutter, A. Malgin, G. Mandrioli, K. Mannai, A. Marotta, J. Marteau, T. Matsuo, V. Matveev, N. Mauri, E. Medinaceli, F. Meisel, A. Meregaglia, P. Migliozzi, S. Mikado, S. Miyamoto, P. Monacelli, K. Morishima, U. Moser, M. T. Muciaccia, N. Naganawa, T. Naka, M. Nakamura, T. Nakano, Y. Nakatsuka, D. Naumov, V. Nikitina, K. Niwa, Y. Nonoyama, S. Ogawa, A. Olchevsky, T. Omura, G. Orlova, V. Osedlo, M. Paniccia, A. Paoloni, B. D. Park, I. G. Park, A. Pastore, L. Patrizii, E. Pennacchio, H. Pessard, V. Pilipenko, C. Pistillo, N. Polukhina, M. Pozzato, K. Pretzl, P. Publichenko, F. Pupilli, J. P. Repellin, R. Rescigno, T. Roganova, H. Rokujo, G. Romano, G. Rosa, I. Rostovtseva, A. Rubbia, A. Russo, V. Ryasny, O. Ryazhskaya, Y. Sakatani, O. Sato, Y. Sato, A. Schembri, W. Schmidt-Parzefall, H. Schroeder, L. Scotto Lavina, A. Sheshukov, H. Shibuya, S. Simone, M. Sioli, C. Sirignano, G. Sirri, J. S. Song, M. Spinetti, L. Stanco, N. Starkov, M. Stipcevic, T. Strauss, P. Strolin, K. Suzuki, S. Takahashi, M. Tenti, F. Terranova, I. Tezuka, V. Tioukov, P. Tolun, A. Trabelsi, T. Tran, S. Tufanli, P. Vilain, M. Vladimirov, L. Votano, J. L. Vuilleumier, G. Wilquet, B. Wonsak, V. Yakushev, C. S. Yoon, J. Yoshida, T. Yoshioka, Y. Zaitsev, S. Zemskova, A. Zghiche, R. Zimmermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

201 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The OPERA neutrino detector in the underground Gran Sasso Laboratory (LNGS) has been designed to perform the first detection of neutrino oscillations in direct appearance mode through the study of the νμ→ντ channel. The hybrid apparatus consists of an emulsion/lead target complemented by electronic detectors and it is placed in the high energy long-baseline CERN to LNGS beam (CNGS) 730 km away from the neutrino source. Runs with CNGS neutrinos were successfully carried out in 2008 and 2009. After a brief description of the beam, the experimental setup and the procedures used for the analysis of the neutrino events, we describe the topology and kinematics of a first candidate ?? charged-current event satisfying the kinematical selection criteria. The background calculations and their cross-check are explained in detail and the significance of the event is assessed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-145
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume691
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Appearance
  • CNGS
  • Neutrino
  • OPERA
  • Oscillations
  • Tau

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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  • Cite this

    Agafonova, N., Aleksandrov, A., Altinok, O., Ambrosio, M., Anokhina, A., Aoki, S., Ariga, A., Ariga, T., Autiero, D., Badertscher, A., Bagulya, A., Bendhabi, A., Bertolin, A., Besnier, M., Bick, D., Boyarkin, V., Bozza, C., Brugière, T., Brugnera, R., ... Zimmermann, R. (2010). Observation of a first ντ candidate event in the OPERA experiment in the CNGS beam. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 691(3), 138-145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2010.06.022