Nurses' collaboration with physicians in managing medication improves patient outcome in acute psychiatric care

Miharu Nakanishi, Asuka Koyama, Hiroto Ito, Hiroshi Kurita, Teruhiko Higuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of the present paper was to examine the impact of nurses' collaboration with physicians in medication management on patient outcome in acute psychiatric care. Data for 143 patients with schizophrenia were assessed based on information given by nurses and physicians in charge. Twenty-two patients were defined as a collaborative group when physicians changed medication after receiving reports that nurses perceived the necessity to change. A control group was formed from the 50 patients when nurses perceived the necessity to change medication but did not tell physicians, or nurses advised of the necessity to physicians but medication was not changed. Physicians retrospectively evaluated patients' social functioning and acceptance of medication at admission and discharge. Social functioning was measured by Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF), and acceptance of medication by a single item using Japanese version of Schedule for Assessment of Insight (SAI-J). Changes in the scores from admission to discharge on GAF and acceptance of medication were defined as outcome measures. Nurses recognized the necessity to change medication for patients with frequent aggressive behavior and younger age. Compared with the control group, the collaborative group had less instruction for use of drugs, and more perceived necessity to decrease the current dose or the number of drugs because of stable symptoms. The collaborative group demonstrated significantly greater improvement in social functioning. The collaborative group improved acceptance of medication, although there were no significant differences between the two groups. Nurses' collaboration with physicians in medication management improved patient outcome in acute psychiatric care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-203
Number of pages8
JournalPsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Apr
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute psychiatric care
  • Collaboration
  • Medication management
  • Nurse
  • Physician
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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