Numerical study of a three-state host-parasite system on the square lattice

Takehisa Hasegawa, Norio Konno, Naoki Masuda

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We numerically study the phase diagram of a three-state host-parasite model on the square lattice motivated by population biology. The model is an extension of the contact process, and the three states correspond to an empty site, a host, and a parasite. We determine the phase diagram of the model by scaling analysis. In agreement with previous results, three phases are identified: the phase in which both hosts and parasites are extinct (S 0), the phase in which hosts survive but parasites are extinct (S01), and the phase in which both hosts and parasites survive (S012). We argue that both the S0-S01 and S01-S012 boundaries belong to the directed percolation class. In this model, it has been suggested that an excessively large reproduction rate of parasites paradoxically extinguishes hosts and parasites and results in S0. We show that this paradoxical extinction is a finite size effect; the corresponding parameter region is likely to disappear in the limit of infinite system size.

Original languageEnglish
Article number046102
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume83
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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