We study the structure of the twist-grain-boundary phase of chiral liquid crystals by numerically minimizing the Landau-de Gennes free energy. We analyze the morphology of layers at the grain boundary, to better understand the mechanism of frustration between the smectic layer order and chirality. As the chirality increases, the layer compression energy strongly increases while the effective layer bending rigidity is reduced due to unlocking of the layer orientation and the director. This results in large deviation of the layer morphology from that of Scherk's first minimal surface and linear stack of screw dislocations.
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics