Numerical simulation of molten metal flow produced by induction MHD pump using rotating twisted magnetic field

Tsutomu Ando, Kazuyuki Ueno, Keisuke Sawada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Numerical simulation at the same condition as an experiment is carried out under the magnetic Stokes approximation for small shielding parameter. Results of the simulation compensate for the information of molten metal flow that we could not directly obtain in the experiment. In this paper, we study the molten metal flow at a starting condition and quasi-steady state. Besides, the energy conversion in the MHD pump is discussed. The simulation result shows that the proposed MHD pump causes the spiral induced current in a molten gallium and produces an axial flow with swirl. At quasi-steady state, it is confirmed that the centrifugal force by the excessive swirl flow produces high pressure at a duct wall and low pressure around the central axis. Since the excessive swirl flow results in large viscous dissipation, the mechanical power output of the pump uses only about 1% of the mechanical energy production in the molten gallium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)508-516
Number of pages9
JournalJSME International Journal, Series B: Fluids and Thermal Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Feb 15


  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Electromagnetic pumps
  • Finite difference method
  • Fluid machinery
  • Helical coils
  • Induction machine
  • Magnetohydrodynamics
  • Metal flow
  • Molten metal
  • Rotating twisted magnetic field

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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