Numerical simulation of laser fusion zone profile of lotus-type porous metals

Takuya Tsumura, Taichi Murakami, Hideo Nakajima, Kazuhiro Nakata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Lotus-type porous metals, whose pores are aligned in one direction by unidirectional solidification, have a unique combination of properties. These are expected as innovative engineering materials with anisotropy of the properties. A reliable joining technology such as welding is required for the industrial application of the lotus-type porous metals as well as processing technology. We have already investigated the melting property of the lotus-type porous copper and magnesium by laser beam irradiation and have pointed out that these materials possessed anisotropy of melting property with the pore direction perpendicular and parallel to the specimen surface, especially remarkable anisotropy was obtained for the lotus-type porous copper owing to the difference of the laser energy absorption to the specimen surface. In this study, three-dimensional finite element calculations of temperature distribution for the lotus-type porous copper as well as the lotus-type porous magnesium under the non-steady-statc conditions were performed in order to investigate the effect of the anisotropy of the laser energy absorption comparing with the anisotropy of thermal conductivity inherent to lotus type porous metals. The effect of these factors on the profile of fusion zone by comparing the results of numerical simulation and the experimental observations were discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2248-2253
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Transactions
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Sep


  • Absorptivity
  • Anisotropy
  • Finite element method
  • Laser welding
  • Lotus-type porous capper
  • Lotus-type porous magnesium
  • Thermal analysis
  • Thermal properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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