Numerical simulation of flow for viscoelastic neutrophil models in a rectangular capillary network: Effects of capillary shape and cell stiffness on transit time

Atsushi Shirai, Ryo Fujita, Toshiyuki Hayase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The concentration of neutrophils in the pulmonary microvasculature is higher than in large systemic vessels. It is thought that the high concentration of neutrophils facilitates their effective recruitment to sites of inflammation. Thus, in order to understand the role of neutrophils in the immune system, it is important to clarify their flow characteristics in the pulmonary microvasculature. In a previous study, we developed a model to simulate the flow of neutrophils in a capillary network, in which the cells were modeled as spheres of a Maxwell material with a cortical tension and the capillary segments were modeled as arc-shaped constrictions in straight pipes. In the present paper, the flow of neutrophils in a simplified alveolar capillary network model is investigated for various constriction shapes and cell stiffnesses. Finally, it is shown that both the coefficient of variation of the transit time of the cells, which is the standard deviation divided by the mean transit time, and the mean transit time increase as the capillary segments become steep or tight, or when the cells become hard. The mean value of the transit time exceeds the median for all of the conditions that occur in real lungs, although the difference between them is small.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-146
Number of pages16
JournalTechnology and Health Care
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Information Systems
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics

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