Numerical simulation of a nonequilibrium plasma jet in an applied magnetic field using three-fluid model

Hideya Nishiyama, Toshiaki Saito, Shin Ichi Kamiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


A three-fluid model is applied for the numerical simulation of the axisymmetric flow and temperature fields in a nonequilibrium argon plasma jet which can be controlled by applying an electromagnetic field. The effects of the magnetic field on the characteristics of each plasma species, i.e., electrons, positive ions, and neutral particles, should be accurately clarified. The three-fluid model applied here can clarify the behavior of each plasma species. Equations of conservation for each plasma species coupled with the generalized Ohm's law, Maxwell's equations, and the equation of state are simultaneously solved taking variable transport properties into account. It is shown that the electron temperature is the highest and the electron velocity is strongly influenced by the magnetic field. Furthermore, the momentum and energy exchanges through electrons can be varied even by a small magnetic flux.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-286
Number of pages22
JournalPlasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jun


  • Electromagnetic field
  • Magnetohydrodynamics
  • Nonequilibrium flow
  • Numerical analysis
  • Plasma jet
  • Plasma species
  • Precise control
  • Three-fluid model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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