Numerical research on heat transfer enhancement for high Prandtl-number fluid

Shin Ya Chiba, Kazuhisa Yuki, Hidetoshi Hashizume, Saburo Toda, Akio Sagara

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The molten salt, Flibe, has been recommended as a candidate coolant material in the blanket system of the FFHR fusion reactor though it is high Prnadtl-number (Pr) fluid that leads to low heat transfer performance. This paper, describes the results of numerical simulations performed in order to estimate the effects of cylinders as obstructions for heat-transfer enhancement in high-Pr fluid duct flow. Two-dimensional thermofluid simulations were performed for cases with 44, 24 and 48 cylinders, respectively, inserted perpendicularly to the fluid flow, and acting as heat transfer enhancers between parallel plates. From these analyses, the flow contraction created by the cylinders causes a high-vorticity around the heated wall. This high-vorticity plays an important role in the heat-transfer enhancement. In the high-vorticity region, the momentum perpendicular to a wall has a large gradient along the stream direction. In fact, the fluid flows down while rotating and "washing" the heated wall. This effect is also governed by the arrangement of cylinders. A staggered arrangement is adopted in the case with 44 cylinders, while square arrangement is employed in the cases with 24 and 48 cylinders. The enhancement of perpendicular flow is very effective when using a staggered arrangement, procuring a higher heat transfer downstream of the cylinders. The estimated pressure drop for high-Pr fluid flow was larger for the with 44 cylinders than for the cases with 24 and 48 cylinders. This result indicates that the heat transfer of high-Pr fluid flow strongly depends on the effect of flow stirring caused by obstructions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-517
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume81 A
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Feb 1
EventProceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Fusion Nuclear Technology ISFNT-7 Part A -
Duration: 2005 May 222005 May 27


  • Blanket
  • Flibe
  • Fusion
  • Heat transfer enhancement
  • High Prandtl-number

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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