Numerical evaluation of the ill-posedness of eddy current problems to size real cracks

Noritaka Yusa, Haoyu Huang, Kenzo Miya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


This study evaluates whether or not eddy current testing is applicable to the sizing of cracks that appear in a general structure. Two 10 mm thick specimens with artificial stress corrosion cracking are prepared, eddy current testing is performed to gather eddy current signals that result from cracking, and numerical inversions are performed to evaluate the maximum depths of the cracking. The inversions estimate the depths of the cracks are 0.8 and 1.6 mm. Although the simulated signals agree well with the measured ones, destructive tests reveal that the true depths are 1.27 and 2.58 mm. Another numerical simulation is conducted to discuss the ill-posedness of the inverse problem of sizing crack depths from eddy current signals. The simulation simply models a crack as a rectangular region with a constant length and uniform conductivity inside and calculates the eddy current signals of 1024 cracks having variety of depths, widths, and conductivities. Analyzing the results of the simulation reveal that information contained in conventional single-frequency eddy current tests is not sufficient to size conductive cracks in a general sense.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-191
Number of pages7
JournalNDT and E International
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr
Externally publishedYes


  • Conductivity
  • Eddy current testing
  • Electromagnetic nondestructive evaluation
  • Inverse problem
  • Sizing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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