Numerical analysis of cavitation instabilities and the suppression in cascade

Yuka Iga, Makoto Hiranuma, Yoshiki Yoshida, Toshiaki Ikohagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, unsteady cavitation and cavitation instabilities are numericaly analyzed around cascades in water/air working fluid. The numerical method employing a locally homogeneous model of compressible gas-liquid two-phase medium is applied, because it permits the entire flowfield inside and outside the cavity to be simulated easily through only one system of governing equations. Three types of cavitation instabilities, which are similar to "cavitation surge", "forward rotating cavitation" and "rotating-stall cavitation", are represented numerically in flat-plate cascade under three-blade cyclic condition. Additionally, flowfields around flat-plate cascade with slit on blade are analyzed in the conditions where the three types of cavitation instabilities arise in the cascade without slit. The effect of the slit on suppression of cavitation instabilities is confirmed from the present numerical results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1759-1765
Number of pages7
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jul


  • Cavitation
  • Cavitation Instabilities
  • Locally Homogeneous Model
  • Numerical Analysis
  • Slit
  • Three-blade Flat-plate Cascade

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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