Numerical Analysis of Blast Furnace Performance Under Charging Iron-Bearing Burdens With High Reducibility

Man sheng CHU, Xian zhen GUO, Feng man SHEN, Jun ichiro YAGI, Hiroshi NOGAMI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The reducibility of iron-bearing burdens was emphasized for improving the operation efficiency of blast furnace. The blast furnace operation of charging the burdens with high reducibility has been numerically evaluated using a multi-fluid blast furnace model. The effects of reaction rate constants and diffusion coefficients were investigated separately or simultaneously for clarifying the variations of furnace state. According to the model simulation results, in the upper zone, the indirect reduction of the burdens proceeds at a faster rate and the shaft efficiency is enhanced with the improvement under the conditions of interface reaction and intra-particle diffusion. In the lower zone, direct reduction in molten slag is restrained. As a consequence, CO utilization of top gas is enhanced and the ratio of direct reduction is decreased. It is possible to achieve higher energy efficiency of the blast furnace, and this is represented by the improvement in productivity and the decrease in consumption of reducing agent. The use of high-reducibility burdens contributes to a better performance of blast furnace. More efforts are necessary to develop and apply high-reducibility sinter and carbon composite agglomerates for practical application at a blast furnace.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-19
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Iron and Steel Research International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Mar


  • 3-interface shrinking core model
  • blast furnace
  • iron-bearing burden
  • multi-fluid model
  • reducibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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