We report on numerical lattice QCD calculations of some of the low moments of the nucleon structure functions. The calculations are carried out with gauge configurations generated by the RBC and UKQCD Collaborations with (2+1)-flavors of dynamical domain-wall fermions and the Iwasaki gauge action (β=2.13). The inverse lattice spacing is a-1=1.73GeV, and two spatial volumes of (2.7fm)3 and (1.8fm)3 are used. The up and down quark masses are varied so the pion mass lies between 0.33 and 0.67 GeV, while the strange mass is about 12% heavier than the physical one. The structure function moments we present include the fully nonperturbatively renormalized isovector quark momentum fraction xu-d, the helicity fraction x Δu-Δd, and transversity 1δu-δd, as well as an unrenormalized twist-3 coefficient d1. The ratio of the momentum to helicity fractions, xu-d/xΔu-Δd, does not show dependence on the light quark mass and agrees well with the value obtained from experiment. Their respective absolute values, fully renormalized, show interesting trends toward their respective experimental values at the lightest quark mass. A prediction for the transversity, 0.7< 1 δu-δd<1.1, in the MS̄ scheme at 2 GeV is obtained. The twist-3 coefficient, d1, though yet to be renormalized, supports the perturbative Wandzura-Wilczek relation.
|Journal||Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Jul 2|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)