DAX-1 is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily and is thought to be involved in the regulation of steroidogenesis. Its expression has been detected primarily in endocrine neoplasms such as adrenocortical as well as pituitary tumors in human, but its biological roles have not been examined well in sex steroiddependent neoplasms. The aim of this study is to detect the expression of DAX-1 in common epithelial ovarian carcinomas in order to evaluate its possible biological significance. DAX-1 immunoreactivity was examined using immunohistochemistry. The correlation between the status of DAX-1 immunoreactivity and clinicopathological parameters and disease-free survival of the patients in a series of 60 cases of common epithelial ovarian carcinoma was examined. The status of DAX-1 immunoreactivity was evaluated using H score. DAX-1 immunoreactivity was widely detected in the nuclei of common epithelial ovarian carcinoma cells. There was a significant positive correlation between DAX-1 immunoreactivity and clinical staging (P=0.0241), tumor grade (P=0.0115), the residual size of the tumor (P=0.0014) and Ki-67 labeling index (P=<0.0001). In univariate survival analysis, a significant association was detected between DAX-1 immunore-activity and shortened patient survival (P=0.0157 . Other significant prognostic parameters were clinical stage, residual size of tumor and Ki-67. In multivariate analysis, DAX-1 immunoreactivity, clinical stage, residual size of tumor and Ki-67 all turned out to be independent prognostic factors for shortened survival. In conclusion, DAX-1 immunoreactivity is considered to be a new independent marker of poor prognosis or adverse clinical outcome in patients with epithelial ovarian carcinoma, possibly through altering in situ steroids production.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2003 Nov 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research